Study of Virus Features in The Qur’an to Think About The Great Sign of Allah SWT.

Khairil Pahmi(1) and H. M. Natsir Abdullah(2) (1.Lecturer at Department of Pharmacy, Diploma of Pharmacy, Health Science Faculty, University of Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara ;2. Lecturer at Teaching and Educational Science Faculty, Mataram University)


The aim of this article is to study the Al Qur’an verse and to correlate the modern science with the verses that we find in the Al Qur’an to think about the great sign of Allah SWT in this world. The great sign of God in this world is He creates many things. For example, all of creatures are from inorganic compound and many the weakest creatures have extraordinary ability to survive in their life, such as viruses. Allah SWT reveals in the Al Qur’an “There are many signs in the heavens and the earth which they pass by; yet they pay no attention to them! [12 Yusuf – Joseph: 105]”.

One of the great sign of Allah SWT in this world is He draws the living from the dead and He draws the dead from the living. Allah SWT reveals in the Al Qur’an “Say: “O Allah! Master of all the Kingship, You give the kingdom to whom You please and take away the kingdom from whomsoever You please; You give honor to whom You please and disgrace whom You please; all the good is in Your hand; surely You have power over everything [26]. You cause the night to pass into the day and You cause the day to pass into the night; You draw the living from the dead and You draw the dead from the living; and You provide sustenance for anyone You wish without measure.”[27]” [Ali ‘Imran: 26-27]. In this article we would like to analyze the virus’s features in the Al Qur’an according to that Al Qur’an verse because viruses have unique features. They can be called living things and dead things at the same time. If one virus is in the cell, the virus can be called a living thing because it can reproduce itself in the cell. Furthermore, if other virus is out of the cell, the virus can be called particle because it can be crystallized. So that viruses have special classification in the modern creature classification system.

Viruses are the unique creatures of Allah SWT. We are as muslim believe that Allah SWT creates viruses. Until this time, the Biological Scientists are still confused by the features of the viruses due to the uniqueness of the viruses. Viruses can be called living things because they can reproduce theirself in the host cells. In addition, they are called obligated parasite and have nucleic acid such as DNA or RNA. Meanwhile, viruses are called inanimate objects because they can be crystallized when they exit from the host cells. Viruses are not cells because they have no cytoplasm and cell organelles, so that they cannot do self-metabolism process. Metabolism is the chemical reaction process in the living things. Metabolism process aims to produce food reserve and energy.

Although virus is not a cell, but virus is able to cause the disease which is very dangerous for living things by dominating the host cell system. The host cells for the viruses are bacteria, plants, animals, and humans. The diseases caused by the viruses are AIDS, cancer, influenza, smallpox, rabies, measles, dengue fever, and the like.

The verses that correlate to the viruses features are Al-Baqarah : 26, Ali ‘Imran : 27, and Ar-Rum : 19.

Allah disdains not to use The similitude of things, Lowest as well as highest. Those who believe know That it is truth from their Lord; but those who reject faith say: What means Allah by this similitude?” [Al-Baqarah : 26].

The explanation of above verse is The word for “the lowest” in the original Arabic means a gnat, byword in the Arabic language for the weakest of creatures. In the Qur’an (Al-Baqarah: 26), Allah SWT mentions word “ba’udhah” or mosquito in English. The word “ba’udhah” is correlated to the weakest creature which has extraordinary intelligence. Because of that explanation, here we relate the word “ba’udhah” with the virus features. Virus has very small size from 27-300 nm (1 nm=10-9 m =0.000000001 m) and their life depends on the host. Although like that, virus has extraordinary intelligence. Every virus knows the specific host cell for their life (‘Ali, 1989).

Syaf dan Abubakar  (1990) explains indeed Allah SWT is not disinclined to make or take similarity such as small insects or bigger than them.

You cause the day to enter into the night and the night to enter into the day. You cause the living to come out of the dead and the dead to come out of the living. You give sustenance to whomever You want without keeping an account (Ali ‘Imran: 2).

He brings the living out of the dead and brings the dead out of the living and brings to life the earth after its lifelessness. And thus will you be brought out (Ar-Rum: 19).

In verses Ali ‘Imran 2 and Ar-Rum 19, Allah SWT explains about “the change of living things from the dead, and the change of the dead from the living things”. In this case, author correlates those verses with the virus features. Viruses can be called the living things because they have nucleic acid and are covered by the protein capsid so they can reproduce in the host cells. But viruses can be called the dead because they can be crystallized so scientist classified them as the particle.



‘Ali, A.Y. 1989. The Holy Qur’an: Text, Translation and Commentary. Maryland: Amana Corporation.

Syaf, M. dan B. Abubakar. 1990. Terjemah Tafsir Jalalain Berikut Asbaabun Nuzul.Diterjemahkan dari I.J. Al-Mahally dan I.J. As-Suyuthi.1990.Tafsir Jalalain. Bandung: Penerbit Sinar Baru Bandung.

Syamil Al-Qur’an. 2005. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya. Jakarta: PT. Syaamil Cipta Media.

Yasin, A., dkk. 2001. Tafsir Fi Zhilalil Qur’an: Di Bawah Naungan Al-Qur’an (Permulaan Surah Ali Imran: 1-168) Jilid 3. S. Quthb. 1992. Fi Zhilalil Qur’an. Jakarta: Gema Insani.

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